During the previous episode we were witnessing the fight between Rama and the two raakshasaas, Maareecha and Shubhaahu, who were in turn the sons of the demon Thaataka. In the due course of the last episode, we saw that Rama killed Shubaahu and let Maareecha escape by pounding him some several miles away into the ocean! An important debatable question had arisen at the end of the previous episode as to why only one of them were killed and why the other one was allowed to escape by Lord Rama. We shall discuss an extremely important inner significance for this event.
To explain this inner significance, we invoke the “Karma Theory” or “Theory of Actions”. To be very precise, this “Karma Theory” closely follows the footsteps of Newton’s third law of motion – Every action has an equivalent and opposite reaction! Thus, according to the theory of Karma, every action of ours, will have an equivalent and an opposite effect that we need to experience. For instance, if we perform good deeds, the reactions to it would be good, and vice versa.
As many of us would perhaps be aware of this theory of Karma in the Hindu Literature, there are basically two types of “Karma” – “Sanchitha Karma” and “Praarabhdha Karma”. The “Sanchita Karma”, as per the Hindu Literature, is the huge collection of “Karma” that we have been accumulating over the period of numerous births in this world! Subsequently, “Praarabdha Karma” is when a small portion of the accumulated “Sanchita Karma” is taken off and we start to experience the effects or the fruits of this portion. (“Aarabdha” in Sanskrit means, “To begin” and “Praarabdha” means, “Beginning to experience”). This is why in our day-to-day life we face both happy and challenging situations alternatively. Once this set of “Praarabdha Karma” is over, we would again start experiencing the fruits of another small portion of the “Sanchita Karma”, and this cycle is never ending. We also need to remember that, even while we are in this present birth too, we would be accumulating so many good actions and also sins due to our ill actions and all these would go directly into the “Sanchita Karma”. This is why we always are under this cycle of birth and death and subsequently take numerous births in this world!
It is only in the midst of this vicious cycle of birth and death we stand in front of Bhagawan and pray to him for “Moksha” or “Liberation” from this cycle! In that way, we also approach a Spiritual Guru for a solution! Thus, the important lesson to be understood is that, the moment we approach Bhagawan with an unconditional surrender at His feet, Bhagawan responds to our surrender in two ways: The first way is that, whatever “Sanchita Karma” we had accumulated over numerous births prior to this one, are burnt away by Bhagawan, and the second way is that, Bhagawan “pulls us out” of whatever “Praarabdha Karma” that we are currently experiencing in this birth and the various “Karma” that we are going to accumulate in the future days in this birth.
For simplicity, we can categorize these two types into “Poorva-Agam” and “Utthara-Agam”. “Poorva-Agam” is nothing but all the sins that we’ve accumulated before we unconditionally surrender to Bhagawan and “Utthara-Agam” is nothing but the sins that we accumulate after we surrender to Bhagawan. We should note here that, even after surrendering ourselves to Bhagawan, we are not immediately going to get the “Moksha” the next day! We ill only get to the “Moksha” at the end of this present birth. Hence, in our remaining days/months/years, until we live in this world, we would still be accumulating more and more sins and all this would go into the “Utthara-Agam”.
Here, we should note keenly that Bhagawan does not deal with the two types of Karma in the same way – He burns away the “Poorva-Agam” completely, and “pulls us out” of the “Utthara-Agam”. This is illustrated beautifully by Upanishads as follows:
“Tadhyathaa pushkara phalaase aapaha nashrishyanthe yeva mevamithihi paapam karma nashrishathe!”
The above Upanishad sentence explains that just as how water droplets do not stand upon the leaf of a lotus plant and are washed away instantly, our “Utthara-Agam” is completely washed away by the grace of Bhagawan! Whereas, just like a small ball of cotton is completely burnt by a fire, Bhagawan, with His grace, burns away our “Poorva-Agam”! It is only to illustrate these two different ways, Lord Rama kills Shubhaahu and chases away Maareecha without killing him. Hence we can see here that, killing Shubhaahu is like burning away our “Poorva-Agam” and chasing away of Maareecha is like washing away our “Utthara-Agam”! It is only to establish this “Dharma” in the world that Bhagawan Himself shows us through this episode of Maareecha and Shubhaahu!
Now moving on, Sage Vishwaamithra is extremely happy and pleased with Rama and Lakshmana for killing the two demons and the “Yagna” ends successfully without any disturbances like before! What happened next? Where did Sage Vishwaamithra take the two children after this? Let’s wait to find out till the next episode!